Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Cancer You Should Know


The cancer that is formed in the breasts is called breast cancer. Women are prone to breast cancer rather than men. The awareness of breast cancer and research has resulted in the advancement in diagnosis as well as treatment of it because of which there is a decline in the number of breast cancer cases all over the world. The early detection, better understanding of the disease and a new personalized approach to treatment has contributed to this. There is a Cancer specialist hospital in India that will diagnose and cure breast cancers.

Types of breast cancer

The following are the types of blood cancer:

  • Angiosarcoma
  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)
  • Invasive lobular carcinoma
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
  • Paget’s disease of the breast
  • Male breast cancer
  • Recurrent breast cancer

How breast cancer is diagnosed

The following methods are used for diagnosing breast cancer by a Breast Cancer Doctor:

  • Breast self-exams: It is ideal to know about your breast and how it looks and feels so that you can find any abnormality. 
  • Breast ultrasound: In this method, a machine uses sound waves capture detailed pictures of inside views of the breast called sonograms.
  • Diagnostic Mammogram: When you have a problem in your breast like lumps or in an area where breasts look abnormal during the mammogram, then the doctors might advise for the diagnostic mammogram which is the breast’s detailed X-ray.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI):  This is a type of body scan where a magnet is linked to the computer. Through the MRI scan, you will get detailed pictures of inside areas of the breast.
  • Biopsy: In this test, tissue or fluid is removed from the breast and checked under the microscope and more tests are done.  The different kinds of biopsies are fine needle aspiration, open biopsy or core biopsy. 

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Over the years breast cancer treatment has become much better. Whichever treatment you go for will:

  1. To get rid of as much cancer as possible from your body.
  2. Prevention of recurrence of breast cancer

Some of the treatments involved in breast cancer are:

  • Surgery:  This will be done to remove the breast completely which is called mastectomy. Sometimes they might remove the tumors and tissues around it which is called lumpectomy. This is also known as breast-conserving surgery. Different types of mastectomies, as well as lumpectomies, are available.
  • Radiation therapy: This uses high-energy waves that kill cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: It uses drugs that kill cancer cells. These powerful medicines fight with the disease and some of the side effects are nausea, early menopause, hair loss, fatigue, hot flashes.
  • Hormone therapy: This method uses drugs that prevent estrogen that fuels the growth of breast cancer cells. Medicines given are tamoxifen (Nolvadex, Soltamox) for women before and after menopause. The postmenopausal women might also be given aromatase inhibitors such as anastrozole (Arimidex), exemestane (Aromasin) and letrozole (Femara). Some of the side effects are hot flashes as well as vaginal dryness. Through surgery or medication, the production of hormones by ovaries will be stopped in this therapy.  Your Breast Cancer Doctor might also provide you with Fulvestrant (Falsodex) which makes the estrogen not get attached to cancer cells.
  • Targeted Therapy: It involves lapatinib (Tykerb), pertuzumab (Perjeta) and trastuzumab (Herceptin) which helps in killing cancer through the body’s immune system. The high-level protein present in the breast cancer cells called HER2 is targeted by them. Palbociclib (Ibrance), and ribociclib (Kisqali) blocks the substance that helps in the growth of cancer cells. These along with aromatase inhibitors are given for women with postmenopausal who have advanced cancer. Abemaciclib, as well as palbociclib are used along with the hormone therapy fulvestrant (Falsodex). The new drug PARP (Poly ADP ribose polymerase) inhibitors target an enzyme on which cancer cells get fed. This includes talazoparib (Talzenna).

Along with surgery or radiation, you will be provided with chemotherapy, hormone therapy or targeted therapy. 

When you get in touch with the Cancer specialist hospital in India, they will provide you with the treatment that is appropriate for you.

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