What Are the Treatments for Thyroid Cancer?


Thyroid cancer arises in the cells of the thyroid gland making it behave abruptly. Most of the cases of thyroid cancer are treatable. One can undergo the following treatment options depending on the stage and type of cancer.


Thyroid cancer treatment includes the following:

Radioactive Iodine Ablation

The thyroid gland regulates iodine in the body, and it is known to absorb iodine effectively including the thyroid cancer cells. In the Radioactive Iodine (RAI) ablation is used after thyroidectomy to destroy the leftover cancer tissues. The radiation destroys the tissue after the iodine is absorbed, also it is effective in stopping cancer spreading to the nearby lymph nodes and spreading to the other part of the body.

The other thing that you need to know about the procedure is that you might have to be on a low iodine diet for about 1-2 weeks before going on the Radioactive Iodine Ablation.

Thyroid Hormone Therapy

Dr Valeria Simone MD from the South lake General Surgery suggest that if whole thyroid gland is removed, you will need to take thyroid hormone pills, the pills help with the further treatment as it eradicates leftover cancer cells from growing and returning. This is done by lowering the amount of TSH (Thyroid-stimulating Hormone) production. TSH is produced by the pituitary gland in the body and also known to encourage cancer cell.

Other Treatments

These treatments are most effective for the less common or advanced thyroid cancer.

External beam radiation or X-ray therapy

Radiation is used to destroy the cancer cell. The radiation therapy is carefully delivered to the targeted body part, protecting exposure to the rest of the body part. The treatment takes goes for several weeks.


The patients are given a certain chemical to kill the rapidly growing cell, and the cancer cells are one of them. The patients are given chemo through pills, shots or intravenous (IV) chemo. Ask your doctor about possible side effects of chemotherapy before to properly manage the treatment.

Targeted therapy

It is the newer treatment targeting only certain parts of cancer cells, it works by slowing or stopping their growth. This is normally taken in pill form. Usually, there are fewer side effects than with chemotherapy.

Thyroid cancer surgery in Texas is widely used to get rid of thyroid cancer, if the entire thyroid gland is removed the procedure is called thyroidectomy and if the part of the gland is removed then it is called lobectomy.

Your thyroid cancer surgery cost can vary with the size and location of the tumor as the technicality of the surgical procedure increases requiring the removal of lymph nodes in the neck area, and the tissues around the thyroid gland.

Deciding on Treatment

For deciding the treatment you can consult your doctor or if you haven’t seen a one yet then you can come down to the South lake General Surgery to make an appointment, where our experienced staff along with Dr Valeria Simone MD will help you from diagnosis and explain about all the possible benefits and the risks.

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