A heart attack is considered to be one of the leading heart diseases which is very serious and fatal in nature. Heart attack comes with a number of warning signs and symptoms. A heart attack is not just restricted to a single kind, there are various types of a heart attack.
Following are the three different types of heart attacks:
- ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction or STEMI.
- Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction or NSTEMI
- Coronary spasm or unstable angina.
According to the best heart hospital in Delhi, all the three types of heart attacks come with their own symptoms as well as warning signs.
STEMI is considered to be a classic or major example of a heart attack. This kind of heart attack occurs when a coronary artery gets blocked completely because of which a large part of the muscles of the heart stops receiving. The best heart hospital in Delhi says that this kind of heart attack is considered as a serious heart attack and it can cause major health damage. The signs and symptoms of STEMI include pressure or tightness and discomfort in the chest, pain in the neck, arms as well as the jaw, and anxiety, light-headedness, nausea, etc.
Under this kind of heart attack, coronary artery so affected is only partly blocked. An NSTEMI would not show any sort of the change in the ST segment on the electrocardiogram during the process of its diagnosis. Coronary angiography shows the degree to which the artery has been blocked. Furthermore, the blood test also shows the elevated troponin protein levels. Despite causing lesser damage, NSTEMI is still considered to be a serious heart condition which requires immediate attention.
CAS/ heart attack without any blockage:
The coronary artery spasm also termed as coronary spasm is another different kind of heart attack. Also, known as unstable angina, this one is a silent heart attack the symptoms of which could be similar to a STEMI heart attack. According to the best heart hospital in Delhi, this heart attack is mostly mistaken for indigestion, muscle pain, and other conditions. This heart attack occurs when the arteries of the heart tighten themselves so much that the flow of blood stops and gets reduced. The imaging and blood test results can diagnose this kind of heart attack.
Treatment of heart attack:
An extensive range of medication is made available for a number of heart conditions, including a heart attack. The main medications used to treat the problem are:
- Statins which lower down the cholesterol.
- Aspirin, warfarin, and clopidogrel for the prevention of blood clotting.
- Beta-blocker for the treatment of heart failure, heart attack, and high blood pressure.
- ACE inhibitors for the failure of heart and high blood pressure.
Bypass surgery operation is considered to be another treatment for heart conditions and heart attack. This is an intensive option which takes a long time for a person to recover to his healthy state. The common surgeries opted for heart attack are angioplasty, coronary artery bypass surgery operation, surgery for the repair or replacement of heart valves which are faulty, and pacemakers.