Bone marrow transplantation and the types


Bone marrow transplantation is a kind of procedure where the stem cells get transplanted in a body so that they can continue producing the healthy red blood cells and also so that the oxygenated blood can keep getting circulated in the entire body.

There are mainly 2 types of transplantations. The one is named as the autologous transplantation and the other one is known as the allogeneic transplantation. In case of the former, the surgeon mainly uses the patient’s own stem cells to continue the procedure. On the other hand, in the latter case, the surgeon is in search of a donor who can donate the stem cells with which they can perform the transplantation surgery in the patient’s body. Best bone marrow transplant in India follows both the process, depending on the requirement.

But which procedure of surgery needs to be done on a patient completely depends on the surgeon and the patient’s body after checking the disease they are suffering from at present and at what stage it is in.  This transplantation procedure also needs to check the overall health condition of the patient and also the risk factors which can arise when the transplantation is taking place. The patient also needs to know how much of chance of survival they have when they are getting their transplantation done. Also, they need to know what are the benefits that one can get if they face this entire procedure. In the case of the allogenic transplantation one also need to look out for a donor.

There are mainly 3 sources of the cell from where one can collect the stem cells from the donor. One can collect it from the bone marrows itself where there are the types of blood-forming tissues. They can also be collected from the peripheral blood stem cells where the cells are circulating the blood. Lastly, it can be collected from the umbilical cord and the placenta from which the baby is born. Now it completely depends on the surgeon from where they want to collect the stem cell and then go ahead with the surgery.

The patients before donating their own stem cells can also ask the doctor that which can be the best possible cell source for them. It can also depend on the age, the body weight, and disease and the stage of disease of the patient who is going ahead for the transplantation. One also has the right to know what kind of side effects they are supposed to confront when they decide to go ahead with this procedure of transplant.

When the donor remains under the anesthesia the surgeon can insert a hollow needle to the pelvic bones and then liquid marrow is collected from there. The donor needs to stay for 6 to 8 hours in the hospital for the process. Bone marrow treatment in India is not uncommon and both the procedures of bone marrow transplantations are followed here. One can go for any process depending on which one suits them better.

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