18 Must Visit UNESCO World Heritage Sites


India is famous for its rich culture and heritage of India. Thousands of tourist visit every year across the India.

Here we discuss the list of World Heritage sites are

  1. Monumental site of Hampi

Hampi was the site of the capital of the last great Hindu kingdom ruled by the Vijayanagar dynasty. These fabulously wealthy rulers had built Dravidian temples and palaces that caused the admiration of travelers from all over the centuries between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. Conquered by the Islamic Confederation of the Deccan in 1565, the city was delivered to plunder for six months and then abandoned.

  1. Monumental complex of Mahabalipuram

Located on the coast of Coromandel , this site encompasses a set of sanctuaries carved into the rock that were founded by the kings of the Pallava dynasty between the seventh and eighth centuries. The site is mostly known for its rathas ( carved temples), its mandapas (rock shrines), its gigantic open-air reliefs, such as the famous “Descent of the Ganges”, and the thousands of sculptures of the famous Temple of the Shore, erected to the glory of Shiva .

  1. Monumental complex of Pattadakal

Located in the State of Karnataka , the site of Pattadakal illustrates the heyday of eclectic art that succeeded in harmoniously synthesizing the architectural forms of North and South India in the 7th and 8th centuries , under the dynasty of Châlukya. The site comprises an impressive ensemble of nine Hindu temples and a Jain shrine. Within the ensemble stands out an exceptional masterpiece, the Virûpâksha temple , which was erected around 740 by Queen Lokamahadevi to commemorate the victory of her husband in a battle against the sovereigns of the southern kingdoms.

  1. Buddhist monuments in Sanchi , Bhopal

Elevated on top of a hill overlooking the plain, about forty kilometers from Bhopal , the site of Sanchi comprises various Buddhist monuments – monolithic pillars, palaces, temples and monasteries – in a state of uneven conservation, dating essentially from the 1st and 2nd centuries BC. C. It is the oldest Buddhist sanctuary of all existing and was the main center of this religion in India until the twelfth century.

  1. Temples of Mahabodhi in Bodh Gaya

This monumental complex is one of the four holy places related to the life of Buddha , and more specifically with his access to Enlightenment. Emperor Asoka erected a first temple in this site in the third century BC, but the current one dates from the 5th or 6th century AD. Mahabodhi is one of the oldest Buddhist temples built in brick and one of the few late Gupta Empire still standing.

  1. Mountain Railways of India, Darjeeling

The Darjeeling railway , located in the Himalayas and inscribed on the World Heritage List since 1999, has now been added to the Nilgiri Mountains in the State of Tamil Nadu. It is a rack railway that passes through a single track one meter wide and covers a distance of 46 km. This railway line was designed in 1854, but due to the difficulties posed by the layout of the road in a very steep area its construction began only in 1891 and ended in 1908. The railway, which climbs the mountain slopes saving a altitude of 1,877 meters (326 m to 2,203 m altitude), it still works and is representative of the cutting-edge technology of its time. In times of British colonialism in India played a very important role, facilitating the displacement of the population and contributing to the socioeconomic development of the region.

  1. Rock shelters and rock paintings from Bhimbetka

The natural rock shelters of Bhimbetka are located at the foot of the Vindhyan Mountains , south of the central plateau of India. Five sets of these shelters are located within huge outcrops of sandstone that emerge on the ground of a relatively thick forest. All of them contain paintings of successive periods, which are staggered without interruption from the Mesolithic Period to historical times. In the 21 villages that surround the site live populations whose customs resemble those represented in cave paintings.

  1. Sun Temple, the Temple of the Sun Konarak

Located on the banks of the Bay of Bengal and bathed in the rays of the rising sun, the Temple of the Sun is a monumental representation of the chariot of the sun god, Surya, with its twenty-four wheels sculpted with endless symbolic motifs and his shot of six horses. Built in the 13th century, this temple is one of the most celebrated Brahminical shrines in India.

  1. Ahmedabad

The ancient capital of the state of Gujarat was erected by Sultan Ahmad Shah in 1411 resulting in a wall of 10 kilometers and 12 different accesses that for centuries have contained inhabitants of all kinds, bazaars, gardens and, especially, temples carved in marble that bring together the best architectural influences of the Arab and Hindu styles. A fairytale city that overlooks the bank of a Sabarmati river that, at sunset, is full of magic and spirituality. Ahmedabad is the first Indian city considered a Unesco heritage.

  1. Victorian and Art Deco neo-Gothic ensembles of Mumbai

British influence is still perceived in many aspects of India, architecture is the most powerful of all. The best example is a set of buildings located in South Mumbai where the British style adapted to the climate and exotic nuances resulting in a style called art Indo-Deco, movement that drinks from the same Victorian era and becomes the best proof of the India’s evolution throughout the 19th and 20th centuries in the form of bell towers and opulent residences.

In addition, 7 natural parks are recognized as world heritage sites:

  1. Keoladeo National Park

Former maharajah duck hunting ground, this park is one of the most important wintering grounds for an endless number of water birds that migrate from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, China, and Siberia. Among the 364 registered species are some as rare as the Siberian crane. Are you want to explore the national park then don’t forget to book the tickets of the train via GSA of Palace on Wheels train.

  1. Kaziranga National Park, in Assam

Located in the heart of the State of Assam, this park covers one of the few areas of northern India that have not been altered by the presence of the human being. It has the largest population of single-horn rhinos in the world, as well as many other mammals – tigers, elephants, panthers, and bears, etc. – and thousands of birds.

  1. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam

Located in an area of wooded hills, alluvial meadows and tropical forests that extends down a gentle slope of the Himalayan foothills, the sanctuary of Manas hosts a very varied fauna that includes many endangered species of extinction, such as the tiger, the Indian rhinoceros, the pigmy pig, and the Indian elephant.

  1. Nanda Devi National Park and the Valley of Flowers

Perched high in the Western Himalayas, the Valley of Flowers National Park is renowned for the extraordinary beauty of its landscape of prairies with endemic alpine flora. It is a site of rich biodiversity that shelters rare animal species, or endangered, such as the black bear of Asia, the snow leopard, the brown bear and the blue sheep of the Himalayas or barrel . The smoothness of its perspectives complements the rugged landscape of rugged mountains of the Nanda Devi National Park. Both parks cover a transition zone, unique in its kind, between the Zanskar mountain range and The Great Himalayas, which has been praised for its exceptional beauty in the ancestral tales of Hindu mythology and, for a century, by botanists and mountain climbers.

  1. Sundarbans National Park

Located in the Ganges delta, the Sundarbans region covers 10,000 km² of land and water. Half of that area is in the territory of India and the rest in Bangladesh. The site has the largest expanse of mangrove forests in the world and is the habitat of several rare or endangered species: tigers, aquatic mammals, birds, and reptiles.

  1. Western Ghats

From the Tapti River, on the border with Gujarat, to Cape Comorin, in Tamil Nadu, the Western Ghats deploy 1,600 kilometers of contrasts among which we find tea plantations  India, World Heritage, lost villages and whispering legends. Considered unique by its diversity, the mountain range that guides the whims of the monsoon forms a separate universe that crosses much of India.

  1. Himalayan National Park Conservation Area

Located in the westernmost area of the Himalayas, in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, it is a paradise of blue riverbanks and alpine slopes encompassed by an area of 90,540 hectares where rivers fit, animals that go from the bear to the deer and up to 25 different forest types.I ndia, World Heritage

  1. Khangchendzonga National Park

In the state of Sikkim, the unique Unesco heritage of India is located, that is, one that combines the cultural and natural aspects that guide the India, World Heritage Committee. Ancient forests, mystic rivers and snowy peaks ( Mount Khangchendzonga is considered the third highest in the world ) are interspersed with the ancient stories of the tribes of Sikkim later influenced by the arrival of Buddhism to result in a magical scenario, unique.

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